CHF 1,50 – Mountain Railways of India, Darjeeling Himalayan Railway
The Mountain Railways of India consists of three component parts: the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway located in the foothills of the Himalayas in West Bengal (Northeast India), the Nilgiri Mountain Railways located in the Nilgiri Hills of Tamil Nadu (South India) and the Kalka Shimla Railway located in the Himalayan foothills of Himachal Pradesh (Northwest India).
These railways are outstanding examples of innovative transportation systems built through difficult terrain, which had great influence on the social and economic development of their respective regions. Opened between 1881 and 1908 they applied bold and ingenious engineering solutions to the problem of establishing an effective rail link across a mountainous terrain of great beauty. They are still fully operational as living examples of the engineering enterprise of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1999, the Nilgiri Mountain Railway was inscribed as extension of the Mountain Railways of India in 2005, and Kalka Shimla Railway was added to the series in 2008.